Illinois law provides that when the parents are unmarried, the mother has sole and physical custody until paternity is established—in these cases, the father needs to initiate a legal action for custody if he wants it. A paternity action may be filed to assign custody and visitation rights by a woman who is pregnant or has a child and a man who believes he is the father of a child.
Illinois law defines additional methods in which a man can establish his paternity by law. A man is a child’s father in Illinois only if one of the following is true:
Without legal paternity, the man has no right to petition the court for custody or visitation and the mother cannot request child support.
Once paternity is established by one of the methods previously mentioned, it does not automatically give the father custody or visitation rights. The father must formally request that he be granted custody or visitation because it is in the best interest of the child. The court determined what the best interest of the child is by evaluating relevant factors that may include but are not necessarily limited to:
Proving paternity can help the biological father gain the custody and visitation rights he deserves. Proving paternity can also help a single mother obtain child support to which she is entitled. If you are involved in a paternity action, contact a North Shore family attorney to learn about your rights.
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